Door Trix - To get them fixed!

Table of Contents

Disclaimer/Warning II


Preface to the Electronic Edition

About the Revisions

Introductory Notes

How to Use this Book

Key to Door Problems

Door Sticks at Top of Latch Side

Door Sticks at Bottom of Latch Side

Door is Jammed, Top to Bottom

Door Sticks on Bottom

Door Sticks on Top

Door Springs Back Open

Door Pokes Out at the Top or Bottom

Door Bowed Out in the Middle

Door Won't Latch

Door Rattles When Shut

Door Lets in the Wind & the Rain

Door Closes/Opens by Itself

Door Bangs Against Wall/Cabinets/Furniture

Door Squawks When Opened or Closed

1. Stuck Doors

1.1 Top Rubbing Doors-Rub Above the Latch

1.1.1 Loose Top Hinge Tighten the Screws Still-Loose Screws Sticks and Glue Poke with an Awl Try a Longer Screw with Longer Pilot Hole Stripped Phillips Head Screws

1.1.2 Screw Heads That Are Too Big for Hinge Holes

1.1.3 Sprung Top Hinge Dress the Top Hinge Pull the Top Pin Bend the Hinge Knuckles with the Wrench Reinsert the Hinge Pin Exchange the Hinges Drop the Door Extract the Screws Free Up Hinges Set Hinges in Opposite Positions Re-screw Hinges Rehang Door Replace the Hinges Hinge Size Hinge Type Follow First Three sections Proper Hinge Positions Shimming Thin Hinges Insert New Screws Misalignment Means New Screw Holes Rehang the Door Shim the Bottom Hinge Block the Door from Below Loosen the Bottom Hinge Cut and Install the Shim Resecure the Bottom Hinge Special Hinges? Deepen the Mortise of the Top Hinge Secure Three-Hinge Door Get Help/Drop Two-Hinge Door Free Up & Remove Hinge Leaf Score Edges of Mortise Pocket Chisel Away 1/16"-1/8" Layer Reattach Hinge If Necessary, Return Door to Jamb

1.1.4 Persistent/New Problems? Reinspect the Door

1.1.5 Plane or Sand the Door Pencil a Guide Mark Block or Hold the Door Plane Some, then Check, then Plane More No Block Plane, Sand it

1.2 Bottom Rubbers-Rub Below the Latch

1.2.1 Check Available Space

1.2.2 Dress Bottom Hinge Pull the Hinge Pin Bend the Knuckles with the Wrench Reinsert the Pin into the Hinge

1.2.3 Shim Top Hinge Secure the Door in Place, or Drop It Free up the Hinge Cut and Insert the Shim Reinstall the Hinge Over the Shim Return the Door to the Jamb

1.2.4 Special Hinges? Deepen Mortise of the Bottom Hinge

1.2.5 What the Heck, Plane it! To Plane or Sand? Plane Partway, then Chisel the Rest Drop the Door to Plane Freely Easiest Method for Door in Place-Sand the Edge

1.2.6 Loose Jamb? Secure with a Drywall Screw

1.3 Jammed Doors-Rub on the Jamb Top to Bottom

1.3.1 Dress the Hinges

1.3.2 Replace the Hinges

1.3.3 Bevel the Latch Side with Block Plane Determine Whether Door Already Beveled Drop and Secure Door Remove Lock Set Plane to Create Bevel on Pull Side of Door Rehang Door to Check Progress Replace the Lock Set for Final Check Deepen Latch Plate Mortise if Necessary

1.3.4 Cut Down the Door on the Hinge Side

1.4 Dragging Doors

1.4.1 Dress the Top Hinge

1.4.2 Shim the Bottom Hinge Summary of How to Shim a Bottom Hinge Secure the Bottom of the Door Free Up the Hinge Cut and Insert the Shim Reinstall the Hinge Over the Shim Thinner Shim or Forget it

1.4.3 Sand the Bottom With Door Still Hanging Drop the Door to Sand with Ease

1.4.4 Cut the Bottom Draw Threshold Line on Door Straighten Drawn Line Cut More on Interior Door Adjust Line on Exterior Doors Drop and Cut Door

1.4.5 Exterior Doors Pose Special Problems Drip Caps Adjust Cap Upward Adjustment Doesn't Help, Cut Down Door Dragging Door Sweeps Move Sweep Upward Cut Rubber Strip Vinyl Door Bottoms Adjust Bottom Upward Adjustment Insufficient or Impossible, Cut Door Replace Worn Vinyl Strips or Get New Bottom Hook Bottoms Remove the Hook Sand or Cut Minimal Amount Replace with Modern Door Bottom and Threshold Vinyl Thresholds/Angled Bottom Replace Threshold Before Cutting Door Angle Cut Your Door Bottom Auto Bottoms - Devices Hidden Underneath Kick Plates File and Sand Remove & Reinstall

1.5 Hung-Up Doors - Stick at the Top

1.5.1 Bottom Hinge Correction Tighten Hinge Dress, Exchange, Replace Bottom Hinge

1.5.2 Top Hinge Correction Opposite Dress Shim Out

1.5.3 Sand the Heck Out of the Top Draw a Guide Line Before You Sand Don't Use Power Sander

1.5.4 Cut the Top Determine Amount to Cut Follow the Steps in the Appendix

2. Sprung or Binding Doors-Won't Stay Closed

2.1 Move Hinge-Side Stop Molding on Interior Doors

2.1.1 Knock it Over Door Won't Open Far Enough, Drop It Cut First to Loosen the Molding Pound it Away from the Door Doesn't Budge, Use a Putty Knife

2.1.2 Pull and Renail Stop Molding Score Molding Edges with Utility Knife Pop Molding Free with Putty Knife Work Molding Away from the Jamb Free Up Straight or Butt Cut Corner Free Up Mitered Corner Remove Nails from Molding and Jamb Use Diagonal Cutters to Clean Molding Use Both Hammer and Cutters to Clean Jamb Use Nail Set on Any Irremovable Nubs Repeat the Process with the Header Piece Renail Stop Molding in Correct Position Tape up Cardboard Spacer Tack Long Piece of Molding 1/16" from the Door Tack Header Piece from Tight to 1/16" Away Door Still Binding? Move Molding Further Complete Driving the Nails and Set Them

2.2 Relieve Gasket on Exterior Doors

2.3 Relieve Layers of Paint

2.3.1 Remove Paint from the Hinges Chip Don't Chisel the Accumulation Sand the Hinges

2.3.2 Sand Paint Off the Door Corners

2.3.3 Sand Paint Off the Door's Edge

2.3.4 Sand Paint Excess Inside Molding or Rabbet On Interior Door Jamb, Pull Stop Molding On Exterior Door Jamb, Start with Sanding Try Slicing and Chiseling Resort to Paint Stripper

2.4 Shim the Problem Hinge(s)

2.4.1 Shimming a Two-Hinge Door

2.4.2 Shimming a Three-Hinge Door

2.4.3 Check the Results

2.5 Blouse or Dress the problem hinge(s)

2.6 Move Jamb-Side of Hinges Outward on Exterior Doors

2.6.1 Understand the Concept

2.6.2 Free Up Hinges

2.6.3 Fill Old Holes

2.6.4 Establish New Holes

2.7 Move Door Side of Hinges Further Back if Necessary

2.7.1 Drop Door

2.7.2 Warning: Proceed with Caution

2.7.3 Free Up Hinges

2.7.4 Layout Pocket Extension

2.7.5 Chisel Out Pocket Extension Score the Edges Slice the Bottom Chisel Out the Strip

2.7.6 Move Screw Holes

2.7.7 Reinstall Hinges-Both or All Three

2.8 Cut Down the Door on the Hinge Side

3. Warped Doors - Poke Out from the Jamb

3.1 Move Latch-Side Stop Mold (Interior Only)

3.1.1 Pull (or Loosen) Header and Side Pieces

3.1.2 Mark New Molding Position

3.1.3 Reattach Stop Moldings Reinstall Long Side Piece First Reinstall Header Piece

3.1.4 Move Strike Inward Measure Distance from Old Position Remove Strike Plate Lay Out New Strike Position Chisel Pocket Extension Broaden Hole if Necessary Mark Hole with Plate in Place Chisel Hole to New Width Reinstall Strike Plate

3.2 Shim Hinges Halfway (Primarily Ext. Doors)

3.2.1 Wedge Door & Loosen Screws

3.2.2 Cut Shim Strips

3.2.3 Insert Strips with Putty Knife

3.2.4 Tighten the Screws

3.3 Shift the Hinge Position Outward (Mostly Ext. Doors)

3.4 Hinge-Side Warp, Shift Hinge Inward (Int. Doors)

3.4.1 Determine How Far to Go

3.4.2 Drop Door

3.4.3 Remove Hinge Leaves from Jamb

3.4.4 Pull Header and Hinge-Side Stop Molding

3.4.5 Extend Mortise Pocket Lay Out the Cut Slice the Side Nip the Corners Square Corners Radius Corners Score the Pocket Bottom Chisel the Pocket Extension

3.4.6 Reinstall Hinges Move Screw Holes Re-screw Hinge Leaves

3.4.7 Rehang Door

3.4.8 Reinstall the Stop Molding

3.5 Consider Gaskets on Exterior Doors

3.6 Cutting into Rabbeted Stop (Ext. Only)

3.6.1 Lay Out the Cut

3.6.2 Score with the Utility Knife

3.6.3 Crosshatch & Chisel Out

4. Door Won't Latch

4.1 Check for Loose Strike Plate

4.1.1 Tighten the Screws with Glue

4.1.2 Secure Loose Screws with Sticks and Glue

4.2 Check Gasket on Exterior

4.3 Check/Move Hinge-Side Stop Molding (Int. Door)

4.4 Further Reduce the Spring in the Door (Both Int. & Ext.)

4.4.1 Scrape or Sand Away Paint

4.4.2 Shim or Blouse the Hinges

4.4.3 Move Hinges on Exterior Door

4.5 Move Latch-Side Stop Molding on Interior Doors

4.5.1 Pull the Stop Molding and Test the Door

4.5.2 If Door Latches, Reinstall Stop Molding

4.5.3 If Door Doesn't Latch, Move Strike

4.5.4 Then Reinstall Stop Molding

4.6 Move Strike Plate

4.6.1 Determine Direction Outward for a Warped Door Measure Distance Out Pull the Strike, Test the Door Broaden the Hole Install the Strike Plate in New Position Downward for a Drooping Door Layout Distance Down Layout the New Strike Plate Position Pull the Strike, Test the Door Lower the Strike Hole Install the Strike Plate in New Position Long Screw at Top if Necessary Move Wherever You Must

4.6.2 After Strike is Moved, Fill and Paint

4.7 If Only a Smidgen, File the Strike Plate

4.7.1 Problems with Tab Strike Plates

4.7.2 File in Place if Possible

4.7.3 Or Remove Strike Plate and File

4.7.4 Expand Hole if Needed

4.7.5 Reinstall Strike Plate and Test Door

4.7.6 Stop Filing, Move Instead

4.8 Replace Worn Strike Plate (and/or Worn Latch)

5. Rattling Doors

5.1 Adjust Adjustable Strike Plate

5.1.1 Remove Strike to Bend Tab

5.1.2 If Tab Hollow, Bend It in Place

5.2 Move the Strike Plate Toward Stop Molding

5.3 Move the Latch-Side Stop Molding

5.3.1 Knock the Molding Over

5.3.2 Pull Stop Molding and Reinstall

5.4 Gaskets for Exterior Doors

5.4.1 Purchase Gasket Set

5.4.2 Install Gently Cut Header First Screw into Place Repeat the Process for Side Pieces

5.4.3 Adjust to Tighten Against Door

6. Weatherproofing

6.1 Gaskets

6.2 Materials Applied Inside the Door Space

6.2.1 Copper "V" Strip

6.2.2 Vinyl Beads and "V" seals

6.3 Door Bottoms & Sweeps

6.3.1 Sweeps Remove Old Sweep to Work on Door Bottom Instructions for Sweep Replacement

6.3.2 Hook Bottoms

6.3.3 Vinyl Bulb on Door Replace Hidden Door Bottom Drop Door Remove Old Door Bottom Cut New Hidden Door Bottom Install New Bottom/Rehang Door Shim Door Bottom if Necessary Replace Drip-Cap Door Bottom Free Up and Remove Old Door Bottom Cut New Door Bottom to Size Notch the Ends Install/Adjust New Door Bottom

6.3.4 Vinyl Bulb on Threshold Replace Vinyl Strip

6.4 Threshold Replacement

6.4.1 Sizing your New Threshold Length of Threshold Width of Threshold Height of Threshold

6.4.2 Remove Old Threshold Remove the Screws Free from Caulk & Paint

6.4.3 Don't Use Old Threshold as Template

6.4.4 Cut Threshold to Length 3-Foot Openings 32-Inch or Less Openings

6.4.5 Notch Ends for Jamb "Stop" Concept - Center Threshold Under Door Notch Layout on Vinyl Strip Threshold Notch Layout on Smooth Threshold Finnish Notch Layout Make the Notch Cuts

6.4.6 Install the New Threshold Installing Threshold into Wooden Flooring Installing your Threshold into Concrete Threshold Installation Between Wood & Concrete Finishing Touches to Threshold

6.4.7 Shimming an Existing Threshold Upward Determine Shim Thickness Cut Shim to Threshold Pattern

7. Ghost Doors

7.1 Check for Plumb

7.1.1 Wall Out of Plumb

7.1.2 Jamb Out of Plumb

7.2 Quick Fix - Distort Hinge Pin

7.2.1 Pull the Top Pin

7.2.2 Vise Method

7.2.3 Curb Method

7.2.4 Reinsert Pin

7.2.5 Door Still Ghosting? Repeat the Process

7.3 Door Holders and Wedges

7.3.1 Kick or Flip-Down Door Holders Install Flip-Down Holder on Closing or "Pull" Side Install Holder 1" in from Latch Edge Ensure Rubber Foot is Flat to the Floor Final Installation Instructions for Flip-Down Holder

7.3.2 Push-Down Door Holders Put Push-Down Holders on "Pull" Side, Too Pilot & Install Screws

7.3.3 Magnetic Door Holders Screw Post into Base Molding Screw Metal Plate into Door Magnetic Door Holders Hard to Find

7.3.4 Wedges

7.4 Wall Out of Plumb - Move Hinges (Interior Only)

7.4.1 Estimate Distance to Move Hinge

7.4.2 Pull Stop Molding

7.4.3 Extend Hinge Pocket

7.4.4 Adjust Other Hinge Pocket If Necessary

7.4.5 Reinstall Stop Molding

7.5 Jamb Out of Plumb - To Reset Is a Big Job

7.6 Change the Swing for Opposite Effect

7.6.1 Remove Door, Hinges and Strike Plate

7.6.2 Reverse Hinges on Door Chisel Away Edge Slivers Install Jamb Leaves in New Position On Door

7.6.3 Mortise Top Hinge in Opposite Position on Jamb Lay Out Top Hinge Opposite from Original Chisel New Mortise Pocket Install Hinge Leaf in Jamb

7.6.4 Hang Door Temporarily to Mark Bottom HInge Measure Approximate Hinge Position Determine Mortise Pocket Back Line Scribe Line with Combo Square Set Backing Nails Hang Door by Top Hinge to Lay Out Bottom HInge Get Help or a Pair of Wedges "Marry" Bottom HInge with Loose Leaf Hang Door from Top Hinge Rest Bottom Hinge Against Nails Trace Bottom Hinge on Jamb

7.6.5 Install Bottom Hinge on Opposite Jamb Side Drop Door & Remove Nails Chisel Bottom Mortise Pocket Install Bottom Hinge Leaf

7.6.6 Hang Door on Both Hinges Marry Top Hinge First Loosen Screws on the Bottom Jamb Leaf to Adjust

7.6.7 Deal with the Stop Molding if Necessary Remove Stop Molding Near Hinges After All Maybe Remove Opposite Stop Molding, Too

7.6.8 Install Strike Plate in New Position Define Center of the Latch Drill Latch Hole Mortise/Install Strike Plate

7.6.9 Reinstall or Adjust Stop Molding

7.6.10 Dutchman All Blank Spaces

7.7 Doorstops and Wall Bumpers

7.7.1 Doorstops on Walls

7.7.2 Wall Stops on Doors

7.7.3 Hinge Doorstops

7.7.4 Wall Bumpers

7.7.5 Small Bumpers - On Doors & Furniture

8. Squawking Doors

8.1 Squawking Stop Molding

8.1.1 Knock the Molding Over

8.1.2 Remove and Reinstall Stop Molding

8.2 Squawking Hinges

8.2.1 Light Duty Spray Lubrication

8.2.2 Heavy Duty Grease Lubrication

9. Appendix

9.1 Cleaning the Screw Heads

9.1.1 Scratch Awl

9.1.2 Finish Nail

9.1.3 Long Slotted screw driver (Slotted Screws Only)

9.2 Dropping the Door

9.2.1 Hinges with Non-Removable Pins

9.2.2 Pull the Pins on Standard Butt Hinges For Heavy Doors, Block or Wedge Them from Below Diagonal Cutter Method Nail/Nail-Set Method Slotted Screw Driver Method

9.2.3 Pull the Door

9.3 Transporting the Door

9.3.1 Four Hands Are Safer

9.3.2 Sliding the Door

9.3.3 Carrying the Door The "Book" Carry Side Carry Both Methods Often Used

9.4 Standing the Door on Edge

9.4.1 Plywood Method

9.4.2 Milk Crate and Clamps Plastic Milk Crate or Wooden Box "C" Clamps Add Some Weight

9.5 Freeing Up Painted Hinges

9.5.1 Chip Out Overflowed Paint

9.5.2 Cut Edges and Back

9.5.3 Tap Out Cautiously

9.5.4 Free Up Hinges on a Door Still Hanging Free Hinges on Jamb Side to Drop Door Block Door in Open Position Free Bottom Hinge First Free Top Hinge Part Way Get Help Before Freeing Top Hinge Free Hinges on Door Side to Allow for Shims

9.6 Grip Wedges and Other Forms of Blocking

9.6.1 Blocking

9.6.2 Cutting Grip Wedges

9.6.3 Using Grip Wedges

9.7 Straightedges

9.7.1 Plywood Ripping

9.7.2 Piece of Molding or Milled Lumber

9.7.3 Sliding Door Channel

9.7.4 Need Clamps & Pads with Straightedge

9.8 Cutting Down a Door Already Installed

9.8.1 Cutting the Height, Not Such a Problem Determine Amount to be Cut Drop the Door Situate it for Cutting Remove Any Door Bottoms or Tops Draw/Straighten Cut Line Measure for and Place Straightedge Set Blade Depth Make Test Cut Measure Straightedge Distance Clamp Straightedge in Place Make the Cut Sand Chamfer Edges Prime Bottom of Exterior Door Special Instructions for Angled Bottoms Match the Saw to the Angle Mark Along Shoe for Straightedge Move the Straightedge the Required Amount Clamp the Straightedge & Make Your Cut

9.8.2 Cutting the Width, A Bit of a Problem Determine Amount to be Cut Drop the Door Set Door on Edge Remove Hinges Possibly Remove Lock Set Situate Door for Cutting Measure For and Place Straightedge Make Three Marks Make Test Cut Measure Over from Each Mark Secure the Ends with "C" Clamps Need Extra Clamp & Keeper Stick Make the Cut Sand Rough Edge Re-mortise & Reinstall Hinges Locate the Hinge Pocket Redraw Pocket Outline Score the Pocket Edges Chisel the Pocket to the Hinge Depth Paint Raw Edge

9.9 Returning the Door to the Jamb

9.9.1 Use Wedges to Set the Height

9.9.2 Only One Set of Blocks/Wedges, Use Lever Method

9.9.3 First Pin in the Bottom Hinge

9.9.4 Open Side of "Dikes" Cups Pin Head

9.9.5 Loosen Screws if Necessary

9.9.6 Non-removable Pin Hinges? Screw in Gradually

9.9.7 Check Door Before Tapping Pins Home

9.9.8 Reinstall Lock Set if Necessary

9.10 Sharpening a Chisel

9.10.1 Purchase New and Low End

9.10.2 No Stone? Use a File

9.10.3 Proper Technique Hollow Grinding the Chisel Edge Position the Chisel Tilt Blade into Wheel Finish on Stone Check Local Hardware/Lumber Stores for Service

9.11 Adjusting a Block Plane

9.11.1 Parts of the Block Plane

9.11.2 Drop the Adjusting Nut to the Bottom

9.11.3 Set the Blade to a Starting Depth

9.11.4 Turn the Adjusting Nut

9.11.5 Usually Leave Modest Mouth Opening

9.11.6 Plane Away

9.12 Making a Sanding Block

9.13 Making a Dribble Pouch

9.14 Screw and Pilot Bit Sizes